Ciudadela or Ciutadella of the Balearic island, Menorca, has over 27,000 inhabitants and is the second largest city on the island after the capital Mahon. This is one of the main attractions of the island.
In the western part of the beautiful island in the Mediterranean Sea, Menorca, is situated a fortress and the ancient capital of the island, Ciutadella. Its ancient origins left around the fortress an important archaeological heritage in the form of megalithic monuments and several low-rise towers. This beautiful port city, in its historical center, is a collection of medieval streets filled with palaces, churches and fortresses. Next to it, the visitors will discover beautiful bays, beaches and fishing villages of Menorca. All these attractions more a delicious culinary tradition based on fresh seafood, will make your holiday in Menorca an unforgettable experience.
There is historical evidence of the first settlements in the current location of Ciutadella, as throughout Menorca, from 2000 BC. Proof of this are the numerous archaeological finds that have survived to our days, such as taulas (megalithic monuments in the form of T), talayotes (low towers) and shuttles (tombs in the form of an inverted boat). These archaeological monuments makes from Menorca a real open-air museum.
In the Middle Ages, the Ciudadela was the political and administrative center of the island of Menorca, and this role is maintained throughout the centuries of Arab rule in Spain. From the thirteenth century, Menorca passed into the hands of Christians after the conquest of its territory by the Spanish King Alfonso III. The city has retained its potential, greatness and title of capital of Menorca until the time when on the island came the British conquerors who ruled the island during the eighteenth century. They decided to move the capital of Menorca to the city of Mahon. However, the Ciudadela remained the seat of the Bishop of Menorca.
It is definitely better explore La Ciudadela on foot, walking through its medieval streets. In the center of the old part of the city is situated the main cathedral of Menorca and the area of the medieval city. The Menorca Cathedral was built between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries on the site of the old mosque, and is the largest Gothic building on the island of Menorca.
The Ciudadela has a regal air. Feel the passion and sensuality of the Balearic Islands during a walk along the harbor to the Castle of St. Nicholas, which was built in the late eighteenth century to defend the city and harbor. Visit one of the many restaurants and wine bars on the Plaza del Borne, or on the Plaza de Ses Voltes.
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